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TABLE 2

History of EU radio spectrum policy in four stages of development: key EU official documents and Their objectives

StagesMain Official DocumentsObjectives
1 Late 1980s onwards Commission Green Paper COM(1987) 290 Acknowledging the importance of radio spectrum for the EU internal market for telecommunications 
Council Directives 87/372/EEC, 90/544/EEC, 91/287/EEC; Parliament and Council Decisions 710/97/EC, 128/1999/EC Harmonizing radio spectrum bands for coordinated introduction of satellite and mobile communications systems 
Commission Directive 90/388/EEC Requiring EU member states to establish independent national regulatory authorities responsible for granting access to radio spectrum 
Parliament and Council Directive 97/13/EC Introducing a common framework for general authorization and individual licenses granting access to radio spectrum 
Council Resolutions 90/C 166/02, 92/C 318/01 Encouraging cross-country cooperation in radio spectrum management 
Commission proposal for Council Decision COM(1993) 382 Setting forth the power of the EU to regulate certain aspects of radio spectrum use 
2 Late 1990s onwards Commission Green Paper COM(1998) 596 Proposing to create a common EU legislative framework for electronic communications 
Parliament and Council Directives 2002/19/EC, 2002/20/EC, 2002/21/EC, 2002/22/EC, 2002/58/EC Forming a comprehensive EU legislative framework for electronic communications, reinforcing an EU common approach to radio spectrum 
Commission Decision 2002/627/EC Establishing the European Regulators Group for Electronic Communications Networks and Services (ERG) 
Parliament and Council Decision 676/2002/EC Setting forth a comitology mechanism for the adoption of Commission's executive acts and establishing the Radio Spectrum Committee (RSC) 
Commission Decision 2002/622/EC Establishing the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG) 
 Commission Communication COM(2006) 334 Proposing to revise the existing legislative framework for electronic communications 
3 Late 2000s onwards Parliament and Council Directives 2009/136/EC, 2009/140/EC Strengthening the power of the EU to regulate the radio spectrum by amending the existing EU legislative framework 
Parliament and Council Regulation 1211/2009 Replacing ERG with the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) 
Commission Decisions 2010/267/EC, 2010/368/EU, 2011/251/EU Harmonizing radio spectrum bands for coordinated introduction of mobile communications systems 
Parliament and Council Decision 243/2012/EU Introducing the Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP) 
4 2010 onwards Commission Communication COM(2013) 627 Proposing to revise the existing legislative framework for electronic communications by adopting a regulation 
Position of the Council at first reading 2013/0309; Parliament Resolution 2014/0281 Failure to reach an interinstitutional agreement on the proposed radio spectrum reforms 
Commission Communication COM(2016) 590 Proposing to revise the existing legislative framework for electronic communications by combining existing directives into one directive 
Commission Communication COM(2016) 591 Proposing to transform BEREC into an EU agency 
Parliament and Council Directive 2018/1972 Establishing the European Electronic Communications Code 
StagesMain Official DocumentsObjectives
1 Late 1980s onwards Commission Green Paper COM(1987) 290 Acknowledging the importance of radio spectrum for the EU internal market for telecommunications 
Council Directives 87/372/EEC, 90/544/EEC, 91/287/EEC; Parliament and Council Decisions 710/97/EC, 128/1999/EC Harmonizing radio spectrum bands for coordinated introduction of satellite and mobile communications systems 
Commission Directive 90/388/EEC Requiring EU member states to establish independent national regulatory authorities responsible for granting access to radio spectrum 
Parliament and Council Directive 97/13/EC Introducing a common framework for general authorization and individual licenses granting access to radio spectrum 
Council Resolutions 90/C 166/02, 92/C 318/01 Encouraging cross-country cooperation in radio spectrum management 
Commission proposal for Council Decision COM(1993) 382 Setting forth the power of the EU to regulate certain aspects of radio spectrum use 
2 Late 1990s onwards Commission Green Paper COM(1998) 596 Proposing to create a common EU legislative framework for electronic communications 
Parliament and Council Directives 2002/19/EC, 2002/20/EC, 2002/21/EC, 2002/22/EC, 2002/58/EC Forming a comprehensive EU legislative framework for electronic communications, reinforcing an EU common approach to radio spectrum 
Commission Decision 2002/627/EC Establishing the European Regulators Group for Electronic Communications Networks and Services (ERG) 
Parliament and Council Decision 676/2002/EC Setting forth a comitology mechanism for the adoption of Commission's executive acts and establishing the Radio Spectrum Committee (RSC) 
Commission Decision 2002/622/EC Establishing the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG) 
 Commission Communication COM(2006) 334 Proposing to revise the existing legislative framework for electronic communications 
3 Late 2000s onwards Parliament and Council Directives 2009/136/EC, 2009/140/EC Strengthening the power of the EU to regulate the radio spectrum by amending the existing EU legislative framework 
Parliament and Council Regulation 1211/2009 Replacing ERG with the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) 
Commission Decisions 2010/267/EC, 2010/368/EU, 2011/251/EU Harmonizing radio spectrum bands for coordinated introduction of mobile communications systems 
Parliament and Council Decision 243/2012/EU Introducing the Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP) 
4 2010 onwards Commission Communication COM(2013) 627 Proposing to revise the existing legislative framework for electronic communications by adopting a regulation 
Position of the Council at first reading 2013/0309; Parliament Resolution 2014/0281 Failure to reach an interinstitutional agreement on the proposed radio spectrum reforms 
Commission Communication COM(2016) 590 Proposing to revise the existing legislative framework for electronic communications by combining existing directives into one directive 
Commission Communication COM(2016) 591 Proposing to transform BEREC into an EU agency 
Parliament and Council Directive 2018/1972 Establishing the European Electronic Communications Code 
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