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TABLE 1

Selected features of supranationalism and intergovernmentalism in the EU

SupranationalismIntergovernmentalism
  • EU institutions have independent decision-making authority

  • Interdependence of national economies creates pressure for EU integration

  • EU law, including Commission's executive acts, restricts national sovereignty

 
  • EU member states control the EU integration process

  • EU member states transfer decision-making power to EU institutions only if in their interests

  • EU soft power to promote EU integration when EU member states do not allow transfer of decision-making power to the EU

 
SupranationalismIntergovernmentalism
  • EU institutions have independent decision-making authority

  • Interdependence of national economies creates pressure for EU integration

  • EU law, including Commission's executive acts, restricts national sovereignty

 
  • EU member states control the EU integration process

  • EU member states transfer decision-making power to EU institutions only if in their interests

  • EU soft power to promote EU integration when EU member states do not allow transfer of decision-making power to the EU

 
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