In 1947 the Polish communist regime brutally deported 30,000 Lemkos—a small ethnic group living in Poland, recognized as a part of the Ukrainian nation. This was done as a part of an operation code-named “Vistula”—a special operation of the Polish Army against the Ukrainian underground. In post-war communist Poland it was forbidden to write or talk about the whole truth concerning the fate of the Lemkos. It was only after the collapse of the communist regime that the Lemkos could openly speak of their injustice.

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