The article examines the “racial war” waged by Germany in 1939–41 in the Polish territories controlled by the Reich and aimed at Polish Christians and Jews, deemed subhuman. Rooted in Nazi racist ideology and carried out with brutal contempt for the fate of the targeted populations, Nazi methods included colonization, expulsions of Poles and Jews, severe repression, plunder of property and exorbitant taxation, imposition of forced labor, seizure of Polish children for Germanization, ghettoization of Jews, and starvation-level food rations for the non-German population. The article relates in detail how the general policies affected specific Polish individuals, families, and ghettoes.

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