Abstract

From 1934 to the 1980s, an organization of Black college football fans known as the 100% Wrong Club affixed itself at the center of the sporting world in Atlanta, Georgia. The club's Black, middle-class members achieved this prominence by mobilizing the city's Black newspapers, colleges, and businesses in a campaign for racial equality. Scholars have described similar networks of Black institutions as “sporting congregations” that strive to reinforce all-Black sport rather than pursue athletic integration. The 100% Wrong Club, however, led a “strategic congregation” that mobilized Atlanta's Black institutions in a campaign to integrate white ones. The history of this Black booster club expands the scholarly understanding of Black institutions as both safe havens for African American communities during segregation and active participants in the fight to end the oppression that made those institutions necessary.

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