The family of General, Governor, and Senator August Alexander Järnefelt (1833–96) was remarkable for the members' combined cultural leadership and their powerful influence on the arts during a time of growing Finnish nationalism in the late nineteenth century. A look at their lives and works shows how Sibelius, married to the daughter Aino, also became caught up in their endeavors and chose a similar path. But for them, he may have gone a different way and missed the overwhelming public acclaim for his nationalist musical works.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.