One of the most magnificent examples of early Insular manuscript production, the “Lindisfarne” Gospels stands as a testament not only to the skill and sophistication of the community that produced it, but also to the desire, centuries after its creation, to communicate the Word to all the ranks of the faithful through the provision of a full English gloss.1 This gloss, completed around the year 950 by the priest and scribe Aldred, was an undertaking that must have required a dedicated intellect as well as access to a range of textual resources. Indeed, we know that Aldred took his task very seriously, and his frequent insertion of two, three, and even four possible glosses for individual lemmata demonstrates his commitment to honoring the living Word and communicating its truth as faithfully as possible to his fellow brothers. Several scholars, such as Alan S. C. Ross, Sara M. Pons-Sanz, and...

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