Reinhardt Normal College was founded at the edge of Southern Appalachia in 1883 by New South promoters from the area who saw the school as part of a larger vision of urban, transportation, and industrial development. By 1900, a second generation identified the school as the antidote to cultural backwardness and mountain isolation. Both groups advocated colonization of blacks or presented the school as though it existed in an all-white setting. This emphasis on the “purity” of mountain whiteness affected the structure and intellectual output of the school and contributed to an environment in which racial expulsion actually occurred.

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