As China rises, the world watches. Perhaps not unlike the question of human rights, animal cruelty in China has attracted much international attention in recent decades. With the world's largest population and second-largest economy, China's massive scale of uses and abuses of nonhuman animals rightfully warrants the world's watchful vigilance, particularly as the Anthropocene crisis has obliged us to reexamine humans’ relations with nature at a global or even planetary scale. However, the vociferous criticism against China's animal abuses frequently entails a stereotypical view of the Chinese people and their culture (e.g., seeing them as inherently cruel, evil, and backward). With the souring anti-Chinese sentiment that comes with the current global power struggle, this stereotypical view is helpful for ensuring neither international security nor indeed interspecies justice.

In Animal Welfare in China, Peter J. Li considers the critical subject of animal welfare in China from the angle of a...

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