In 2008, five affiliates of the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development (HLF) were convicted of conspiring to supply “material support” to the terrorist organization Hamas. One of the convicted was a folksinger, included in the indictment due to a series of music performances given at HLF fundraisers. In this article, I critically interrogate the history and development of the HLF trial, arguing for the development of an activist-oriented critical folkloristics as a powerful tool with which to respond to Islamophobic discourses at the heart of the American “War on Terror.”

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