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1 Samuel Baily, Immigrants in the Land of Promise: Italians in Buenos Aires and New York City, 1870-1914 (New York, 1999), 10.
3 Susan Glenn, Daughters of the Shtetl: Life and Labor in the Immigrant Generation (Ithaca, NY, 1990), 208.
5 Donna Gabaccia and Franca Iacovetta, Women, Gender, and Transnational Lives: Italian Workers of the World (Toronto, 2002), 6.
6 Interview with Giuseppe Verrico, January 1978, Cortland, New York.
8 John W. Briggs, An Italian Passage: Immigrants to Three American Cities, 18901930 (New Haven, CT, 1978).
14 John Briggs, An Italian Passage
Donna Gabaccia and Fraser Ottanelli, Italian Workers of the World: Labor Migration and the Formation of Multiethnic States (Urbana, IL, 2001).
16 Ship Manifest, 1921.
17 Loretta Baldassar, Visits Home, Migration Experiences between Italy and Australia (Melbourne, 2001), 71.
19 Ship Manifest, 1913.
23 Linda Reeder, Widows in White: Migration and the Transformation of Rural Italian Women, Sicily, 1880-1920 (Toronto, 2003).
27 Savita Nair, "Gender, Space, and Power: Indian Immigrant Women in Colonial East Africa (c. 1920-1940)," unpublished paper presented at Furman University Faculty Forum, September 2005.
28 Baily, Immigrants in the Land of Promise, 146.
29 1925 Manuscript Census, Cortland, New York.
30 Louis M. Vanaria, "Settlement Patterns of Cortland Italians: The First Generation, 1892-1925," in From Many Roots: Immigrants and Ethnic Groups in the History of Cortland County, New York, ed. Louis M. Vanaria (Cortland, NY, 1986).
32 Diane C. Vecchio, "The Influence of Family Values and Culture on the Occupational Choices of Italian Immigrant Women in Cortland, N.Y., 1890-1935," in From Many Roots, ed. Vanaria, 36-45.
33 Donna Gabaccia, From Sicily to Elizabeth Street. Housing and Social Change among Italian Immigrants (Albany, NY, 1984), 27-28.
34 Interview with Rose Carini, August 26, 1992, Milwaukee, WI.
35 Interview with "Francesca", January 2, 2000, Cortland, NY.
37 Vecchio, "The Influence of Family Values and Culture," 37-38.
38 Ibid. 38.
42 Diane Vecchio, "Gender, Domestic Values, and Italian Working Women in Milwaukee: Immigrant Midwives and Businesswomen," in Women, Gender, and Transnational Lives: Italian Workers of the World, ed. Donna Gabaccia and Franca Iacovetta (Toronto, 2002), 160-85
Diane Vecchio, Merchants, Midwives, and Laboring Women: Italian Migrants in Urban America (Urbana, IL, 2006).
44 Cortland Standard, July 2002.
45 Interviews with Marie and Alex Vecchio, September 2000, Skaneateles, NY.
47 Carol McKibben, "Beyond Cannery Row: Sicilian Women and Identity Formation in Monterey California," paper presented at the S SHA, November 2005, Portland, OR.
48 Vecchio, "The Influence of Family Values," 39.
49 Interview with Nicolina Giuliano, August 2005, Cortland, NY.
50 John Smith, "A History of the Wickwire Brothers Wire Factory of Cortland, New York," unpublished paper, State University of New York College at Cortland, 1972.
51 Janie Welsh, "A History of Wickwire Brothers, Inc., 1873-1972, Cortland, New York," unpublished paper on file at the Cortland County Historical Society, 23, MS M678 no. 106.
53 Interviews with Louis Adessa, August 1978
Giuseppe Verrico, January 1978
Charles Abdallah, January 1979, Cortland, New York.
55 Welsh, "A History of Wickwire Brothers," 25.
56 David Gerber, "Theories and Lives: Transnationalism and the Conceptualization of International Migrations to the United States," IMIS-Beitrage: Transnationalismus und Kulturver-gleich (December 2000): 31-53.
57 Ibid, 44.
58 Interview with Sandy (Santina) Panzanella, August 2005, Cortland, NY.
60 The Varieties of Ethnic Experience: Kinship, Class, and Gender among California Italian-Americans (Ithaca, NY, 1984).
61 Maria Carmine (Mary) Vecchio married Philip Coviello, the son of my grandparents’ paesani in 1947.
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