This article discusses the references to Campania in Silius Italicus’ Punica and the prominent role of the region in the Capua episode in book 11. Campania is underscored as a place within Italy where politics and poetic activity intertwine to promote the region as a birthplace of prominent politicians and as a locus of otium for poetic activity. In addition, the synergy between Capua and Rome, anachronistically foreshadowed by the poet, seems to question the appearance of a seamless Italian unity, thus locating the seeds of Rome’s decline in the Second Punic War.

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