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Footnotes

1. “A Program of the Family Support Center,” Safety Net, http://www.safetynetu-tah.org/index.html.In addition to the annual conference, Safety Net also conducts monthly meetings that alternate between northern and southern locations in Utah. These meetings are designed to promote the organization’s four objectives: safety, collaboration, education, and outreach.
2. Jeffs had been placed on the FBI’s most wanted list for unlawful flight to avoid prosecution on Utah state charges regarding his alleged arrangement of illegal marriages involving underage girls. In May and July 2007, the state of Arizona also charged him with eight additional counts, including sexual conduct with minors and incest in two separate cases. See “Sect Leader Indicted on Sexual Conduct with Minor, Incest Charges,” CNN, http://www.cnn.com/2007/US/07/12/polygamy.charges/index.html.
3. See Jon Krakauer, Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith (Harpswell, Maine: Anchor Publishing, 2004); Andrea Moore-Emmett, God’s Brothel: The Extortion of Sex for Salvation in Contemporary Mormon and Christian Fundamentalist Polygamy and the Stories of 18 Women Who Escaped (San Francisco: Pince-Nez Press, 2004); Carolyn Jessop and Laura Palmer, Escape (New York: Broadway, 2008); Elissa Wall, Stolen Innocence: My Story of Growing Up in a Polygamous Sect, Becoming a Teenage Bride, and Breaking Free of Warren Jeffs (New York: William Morrow, 2008); and David Ebershoff, The 19th Wife (New York: Random House, 2009).
4. Presented at the 3rd Annual Safety Net Conference held in St. George, Utah, on March 11, 2011. Safety Net is an organization funded by the Utah Attorney General’s office to promote access to social services within polygamous communities. Anne Wilde has also coauthored Voices in Harmony, a text aimed at refuting the negative view of polygamy held by most Americans. See Mary Batchelor, Marianne Watson, and Anne Wilde, Voices in Harmony: Contemporary Women Celebrate Plural Marriage (Springville, Utah: Cedar Fort, 2000).
5. The rough breakdown of this community is as follows: 15,000 self-identify as independents, 10,000 as FLDS, 7,500 as the Allred Group, 2,000 as residents of Centennial Park, 2,000 as part of the Davis Co. Co-op, and 1,500 who classify as “other.” See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Fundamentalist Mormons by Affiliation,” field document, St. George, Utah, March 11, 2011. All field documents in author’s possession.
6. I use this term loosely because most of the separate groups have limited, if any, communication with one another. This lack of communication stems from both theological and geographical differences.
7. Many practitioners of plural marriage find the catchall term polygamy to be offensive because it implies a secular desire for multiple wives and ignores the celestial and eternal commitment such a practice requires.
8. Historical LDS usage and contemporary fundamentalist usage often refers to non-Mormons as “gentiles.” See “Gentile,” LDS Bible Dictionary, https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bd/gentile?lang=eng.
9. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Voice Box,” field notes, St. George, Utah, Jun. 17, 2010.
10. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Conversation with Shirlee Draper,” field notes, St. George, Utah, Mar. 11, 2011.
11. See E. Keith Howick, Polygamy: The Mormon Enigma (Silverton, Idaho: WindRiver Publishing, 2007).
12. The disagreement that created Centennial Park arose between those who supported the “one man” doctrine (which argued that only one man should preside over the church) and those who supported the idea of a presiding priesthood council composed of several worthy men. Centennial Park was created by these dissenters and founded a mere three miles from Colorado City. In 1986 the Centennial Park group built a meetinghouse and later, in 2003, created a charter school for elementary education. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Centennial Park History,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 12, 2011.
13. The Centennial Park Action Committee (CPAC) is committed to achieving the decriminalization of polygamy. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Conversation with Susie Timpson,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 10, 2011.
14. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Conversation with Anne Wilde,” field notes, St. George, Utah, Mar. 11, 2011.
15. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “FLDS Texas Blog,” field document, Jun. 22, 2012. See also FLDS Texas Blog at http://texasflds.wordpress.com/2012/06/10/general-discussion-77-the-wait-for-the-rulings/.
16. Again, terminology becomes important. Members of Centennial Park do not identify as FLDS (led by Jeffs) or as Latter-day Saints (mainstream Mormonism).
17. On my first drive through Colorado City, I was closely tailed by a black pickup truck with tinted windows. People on the streets turned their faces away with open scorn for this unwelcome visitor. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Colorado City,” field notes, Colorado City, Arizona, Mar. 10, 2011.
18. See Sanjiv Bhattacharya, Secrets & Wives: The Hidden World of Mormon Polygamy (Berkeley, Calif.: Soft Skull Press, 2011), 72.
19. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Choosing Wives,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 12, 2011.
20. See “Ruth” in Bhattacharya, Secrets & Wives, 75.
21. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Interview with Stephanie,” field notes, Merry Wives Café, Hildale, Utah, Jun. 28, 2012.
22. Ibid.
23. See Claude T. Cawley, ed., Priesthood Discourses, 1960 (Centennial Park, Ariz.: The Work of Jesus Christ, 2004), 103.
24. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Interview with Stephanie,” field notes, Merry Wives Café, Hildale, Utah, Jun. 28, 2012.
25. Ibid.
26. Ibid.
27. Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Education Lecture with Mary Timpson,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 10, 2011.
28. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Conversation with Susie Timpson,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 10, 2011.
29. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Blue Ribbon Award Letter,” field document, Centennial Park, Arizona, Oct. 6, 2011. See also Blue Letter Award, Masada Charter School, http://www.masadaschool.org/filestore/BlueRibbonAwardLetter.pdf.
30. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Interview with Polly Dockstader,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Oct. 6, 2011.
31. Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Education Lecture with Mary Timpson,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 10, 2011.
32. Ibid.
33. Miriam Koktvedgaard Zeitzen, Polygamy: A Cross-Cultural Analysis (Oxford: Berg Publishing, 2008), 127.
34. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Interview with Joanne Timpson Yarrish,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Sept. 24, 2012.
35. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Lunch at Merry Wives,” field notes, Hildale, Utah, Oct. 4, 2012.
36. See Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Tour of the Birth Clinic,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 12, 2012.
37. See the Centennial Park Action Committee’s (CPAC’s) website at http://www.cpaction.org/CPAC/index.htm.
38. Jennifer Huss Basquiat, “Dockstader,” field notes, Centennial Park, Arizona, Mar. 11, 2011.
39. Elizabeth C. Fine and Jean Haskell Speer, Performance, Culture, and Identity (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1992), 10.
40. David G. Maillu, Our Kind of Polygamy (Nairobi: Heinemann Kenya, 1988), viii.

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