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Notes

1. Daniel C. Peterson, “Nephi and His Asherah: A Note on 1 Nephi 11:8-23,” in Mormons, Scripture, and the Ancient World: Studies in Honor of John L. Sorenson, edited by Davis Bitton (Provo, Utah: FARMS, 1998), 191-243. His shorter, popularized version appeared as “Nephi and His Asherah,” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 9, no. 2 (2000): 16-25.
2. Jeffrey R. Holland, Christ and the New Covenant: The Messianic Message of the Book of Mormon (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1997), 160, 162.
3. John L. Sorenson, “The Brass Plates and Biblical Scholarship,” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 10 (Autumn 1977): 31-39.
4. Gordon B. Hinckley, “Daughters of God,” Ensign, November 1991, 100.
5. The KJV at the end of verse 8 reads “sons of Israel,” which is an attempt to soften the original reading “sons of God,” since the sons of Israel also numbered seventy. That the KJV reading is secondary is clear. The reading “sons of God” is attested in two fragments from the Dead Sea Scrolls: 4QDeuj and 4QDeutq. See Patrick W. Skehan, “A Fragment of the ‘Song of Moses’ (Deut. 32) from Qumran,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 136 (December 1954): 12-15; Patrick W. Skehan, “Qumran and the Present State of Old Testament Text Studies: The Masoretic Text,” Journal of Biblical Literature 78 (1959): 21; and Julie Duncan’s definitive edition in Qumran Cave 4-IX: Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Kings, Vol. 14 in DISCOVERIES IN THE JUDEAN DESERT series, edited by Eugene Ulrich (Oxford, England: Clarendon, 1995), 90. Although many Septuagint manuscripts read “angels of God,” which represents an alternate attempt to soften the original reading, the oldest Greek witness to Deuteronomy, P. Fuad 266 (Rahlfs 848), reads “sons” rather than “angels.” The editor for the Deuteronomy volume of the Göttingen edition of the Septuagint, John W. Wevers, Notes on the Greek Text of Deuteronomy (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995), 513, regards the reading “sons of God” as assured. For additional evidence supporting this reading, see Paul Sanders, The Provenance of Deuteronomy 32 (Leiden: Brill, 1996), 157.
6. Blake Ostler, Comment No. 68 (March 1, 2008) to TT, “The Future of Heavenly Mother,” Faith Promoting Rumor (February 27, 2008), http://faithpromotingrumor.wordpress.com/2008/02/27/the-future-of-heavenly-mother (accessed January 8, 2009).

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