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[Footnotes]

1 Arland J. Hultgren, Jesus and His Adversaries: The Form and Function of the Conflict Stories in the Synoptic Tradition (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1979).
2 John Dominic Crossan, "Jesus the Peasant," Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26 (Spring 1993): 156-68, esp. 164-66.
4 E. P. Sanders and Margaret Davies, Studying the Synoptic Gospels (Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1989).
5 Joanna Dewey, Markan Public Debate: Literary Technique, Concentric Structure, and Theology in Mark 2:1-3:6 (Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1973);
J. D. G. Dunn, "Mark 2.1-3.6: A Bridge between Jesus and Paul on the Question of the Law," New Testament Studies 30 (1984): 395-415; reprinted in Jesus, Paul and the Law: Studies in Mark and Galatians (Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1990), 10-36.
6 Arland D. Jacobson, The First Gospel: An Introduction to Q (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1992).
7 Stephen J. Patterson, The Gospel of Thomas and Jesus (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1993).
John Kloppenborg et. al., Q-Thomas Reader (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1990).
8 Patterson, Gospel of Thomas, 86, 148.
"keep the whole week as a sabbath" (Marvin Meyer, The Gospel of Thomas: The Hidden Sayings of Jesus [San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1992], 82).
10 I. Abrahams, "The Sabbath," Studies in Pharisaism and the Gospels (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1917), 129-35;
Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition: A History of Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism (Hoboken, NJ: Ktav, 1991), 251-52;
E. P. Sanders, Judaism: Practice and Belief: 63 BCE-55 CE (Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1992), 208-11.
11 James H. Charlesworth, ed., The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Vol. 2 (New York: Doubleday, 1985), 58.
12 Gerhard F. Hasel, "Sabbath," Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 5:849-56.
Gerd Theissen, The Gospels in Context: Social and Political History in the Synoptic Tradition (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991), 260,
13 Menahem Stern, Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism, 3 vols. (Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1974, 1980, 1984), citations in index: "Sabbath—defence forbidden on."
14 Tractate ("section") Yoma 8.6b, The Mishnah, trans. H. Danby (London: Oxford University Press, 1933), 172.
15 Tractate Sabbath 14:3, 4, trs. Danby, 113.
16 E. P. Sanders, Jewish Law from Jesus to the Mishnah: Five Studies (Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1990), 13.
17 Jacob Neusner, The Tosefta. Second Division. Moed: The Order of Appointed Times (New York: Ktav, 1977), Sabbath 12:8.
18 Jacob Neusner, A History of the Mishnaic Law of Appointed Times. Part One: Shabbat. Translation and Explanation (Leiden: Brill, 1981), 141.
19 Sanders, Jewish Law, 22.
20 Anthony J. Saldarmi, "Pharisees," Anchor Bible Dictionary, 5:289-303, see 302.
21 Sean Freyne, Galilee;
Jesus and the Gospels: Literary Approaches and Historical Investigations (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988), 257;
Sanders, Judaism: Practice and Belief, 398.
22 Dunn finds here, "A Bridge between Jesus and Paul on the Question of the Law" (Jesus, Paul and the Law, 10-36).
23 Sanders, Jewish Law, 12.
24 Sanders, Judaism: Practice and Belief, 402.
25 Sanders, Jewish Law, 13.
26 Ibid., 18-19.
27 Robert Miller, The Complete Gospels (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1992).
29 Jacob Neusner, Mekhilta according to Rabbi Ishmael: An Analytical Translation (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1988), 81.3, 8, Shabbata on Exod 31:13, Rabbi Simeon says, "The Sabbath is handed over to you, and you are not handed over to the Sabbath."
30 Sanders, Jewish Law, 21.
31 Shabbat 132b
Shabbat 19
Shabbat 19:1 VII.C.
Jacob Neusner, Talmud of the Land of Israel: A Preliminary Translation and Explanation, Vol 11. Shabbat (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991), 455.
32 Louis Jacobs, "Hermeneutics," Encyclopedia Judaica (1971), 8:cols. 366-72.
33 Daniel J. Harrington, The Gospel of Matthew (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1991), 173.
34 Samuel T. Lachs, A Rabbinic Commentary on the New Testament: The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Hoboken, NJ: Ktav, 1987), 200;
Paul Billerbeck and Hermann L. Strack, Rammentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrasch, 6 vols. (Munich: C. H. Beck’ sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1922-26), 1:629-30.
35 Sabbath 128b
Isidore Epstein, ed., The Babylonian Talmud. Seder Mo’ed (London: Soncino Press, 1938), 639-40.
36 Gerhard Barth, "Matthew’s Understanding of the Law," 79, 91-92;
Heinz Joachim Held, "Matthew as Interpreter of the Miracle Stories," 244;
Günther Bornkamm, Gerhard Barth, and Heinz Joachim Held, Tradition and Interpretation in Matthew (London: SCM, 1963);
Harrington, Matthew, 177.
37 J. Andrew Overman, Matthew’s Gospel and Formative Judaism: The Social World of the Matthean Community (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990).
38 Eugene Maly, "Women and the Gospel of Luke," Biblical Theology Bulletin 10 (1980): 99-104.
39 John S. Kloppenborg, Q Parallels: Synopsis, Critical Notes, and Concordance (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1988), 160.
40 Rudolf Bultmann, History of the Synoptic Tradition (New York: Harper & Row, 1963), 12.
41 The votes are reported in issues of the Polebridge Press journal, Foundations and Facets Forum. The listing by chapter and verse is in vol. 6 (Mar. 1990): 3-55.
42 the "Signs Gospel" in Miller, Complete Gospels, 185-86.
43 Robert T. Fortna, The Fourth Gospel and Its Predecessor (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988), 115-17.
44 Raymond E. Brown, The Gospel according to John I-XII (Anchor Bible 29; Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1966), 210.
45 Rudolf Bultmann, The Gospel of John: A Commentary [Philadelphia: Westminster, 1971], 273
46 Eduard Lohse, "Jesu Worte über den Sabbat," 79-89, in Judentum, Urchristentun, Kirche: Festschrift fur Joachim Jeremias, ed. Walther Eltester (Berlin: Alfred Töpelmann, 1960), 80.
47 Dewey, Markau Public Debate, 111, 121;
Guelich, Mark, 132-33.
48 Robert W. Funk, with Mahlon H. Smith, The Gospel of Mark: Red Letter Edition (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1991), 29-52.
49 Bultmann, History of Synoptic Tradition, 12.
50 Ibid., 145, 147.
51 Ibid., 39-41.
52 Hultgren, Jesus and His Adversaries, and Helmut Koester, Ancient Christian Gospels: Their History and Development (Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1990).
53 Joseph A. Fitzmyer, The Gospel according to Luke X-XXIV (Anchor Bible 28A; Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1985), 1011, regarding Luke 13:10-17.
54 Sanders, Jewish Law, 20.
55 Hultgren, Jesus and His Adversaries, 162, 165.
56 Dunn, "Mark 2:1-3:6," 22-25, 28.
57 Ibid., 35.
58 Sanders, Jewish Law, 20.
59 Hultgren, Jesus and His Adversaries, 82-83.
60 For example, Dunn, "Mark 2.1-3:6," 21.
61 Wolfgang Roth, Hebrew Gospel: Cracking the Code of Mark (Oak Park, IL: Meyer-Stone Books, 1988), and the bibliography of such works.
62 Moses Hadas and Morton Smith, Heroes and Gods: Spiritual Biographies in Antiquity (New York: Harper & Row, 1965), 101-258.

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