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[Footnotes]

1 "An Historic House (editorial)," Woman’s Exponent 21 (15 Dec. 1892): 92
"Editorial Notes," 24 (1 July 1895): 21.
2 Romania B. Pratt, "An Address to the Utah Women’s Press Club," Woman’s Exponent 25 (15 and 31 Dec. 1897): 230.
3 Blanche Beechwood, "A Few Ideas on Writing," Woman’s Exponent 3 (1 April 1875): 167.
4 Evelyn Gordon Bodek, "Salonières and Bluestockings: Educated Obsolescence and Germinating Feminism," Feminist Studies 3 (Spring-Summer 1976): 193.
5 R. Brimley Johnson, ed., Bluestocking Letters (London: John Lane, 1926), pp. 4-5.
6 James Boswell, The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (London: George Routledge and Sons, n.d.), p. 416;
Phyllis Stock, Better Than Rubies, A History of Women’s Education (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1978), pp. 102-3.
7 Emmeline B. Wells, "Pen Names," Woman’s Exponent 23 (15 Sept. 1894): 190.
8 Quoted in Walter S. Scott, The Bluestocking Ladies (London, 1947), p. 198;
Stock, Better Than Rubies, p. 104.
9 Emmeline B. Wells, Diary, 28 Feb. 1845, 6 June 1845, 20 Feb. 1845, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
10 Ibid., 23 Jan. 1886.
11 Aunt Em, "The Old Garrett," Woman’s Exponent 17 (1 Oct. 1888): 67.
12 Ann D. Wood, "The Scribbling Women’ and Fanny Fern: Why Women Wrote," American Quarterly 23 (Spring 1971): 18.
13 Daniel H. Wells Papers, LDS Church Archives, as quoted in Patricia Rasmussen Eaton-Gadsby and Judith Rasmussen Dushku, "Emmeline B. Wells," in Vicky Burgess-Olson, Sister Saints (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1978), p. 459.
14 Wells, Diary, 13 Sept. 1874.
15 Wells, Diary, 11 Oct. 1874.
16 Fred Lewis Pattee, The Development of the American Short Story (New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1923), p. 72.
17 Fred Lewis Pattee, The Feminine Fifties (New York: Appleton-Century Company, 1940), pp. 25, 50.
18 Pattee, The Feminine Fifties, p. 110.
19 Walter L. Arnstein, Britain Yesterday and Today, 1830 to the Present, 3rd ed. (Massachusetts: D. C. Heath and Company, 1976), p. 78.
20 Nina Baym, Woman’s Fiction, A Guide to Novels by and about Women in America, 1820-1870 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.
21 Pattee, The Feminine Fifties, Helen Waite Papashvily, All the Happy Endings (New York: Harper, 1956)
Herbert Ross Brown, The Sentimental Novel in America, 1789-1860 (Durham, N.G.: Duke University Press, 1940).
22 Woman’s Exponent 28 (15 June 1899): 8-11 and 28 (1 July 1899): 20-22; reprinted in 41 (Aug. 1913): 65-67 and 41 (Nov. 1913): 73-74.
23 Woman’s Exponent 41 (Sept. 1912): 6-8.
24 Woman’s Exponent 35 (Jan. 1907): 41-43, 47.
25 Woman’s Exponent 31 (1 and 15 Nov. 1902): 45.
27 Emmeline B. Wells to Hannah F. Wells, 31 Dec. 1855, Emmeline B. Wells Papers, LDS Church Archives.
28 "An Historical House (editorial)," Woman’s Exponent 21 (15 Dec. 1892): 93.
29 Emmeline B. Wells, Musings and Memories, 2nd ed. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1915), p. 283.
30 Ibid., p. 231.
31 Ibid., p. 36.
32 Ibid., pp. 266-67.
33 Ibid., pp. 207-230.
34 Wells, Diary, 23 Sept. 1874.
35 Wells, Musings and Memories, p. 230.
36 "Action or Indifference," Woman’s Exponent 5 (1 Sept. 1876): 54.
37 "Woman’s Progression," Woman’s Exponent 6 (15 Feb. 1878): 140.
38 Ibid.
39 "Woman’s Relation to Home," Woman’s Exponent 8 (30 Aug. 1879): 52.
40 "Woman’s Suffrage," Woman’s Exponent 23 (March 1895): 244.
41 Wells, Diary, 4 January 1878.
42 Ibid., 28 Dec. 1885.
43 Ibid., 20 Sept. 1898.
44 Ibid., 10 Nov. 1898.
45 Emmeline B. Wells to B. H. Roberts, 20 March 1910, B. H. Roberts Papers, Special Collections, Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
46 Wells, Diary, 13 March 1890.
47 Ibid., 26 March 1891.
48 Academic Degrees, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education, Bulletin 1960, No. 28, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., p. 40.
49 "Emmeline B. Wells, Lit.D.," Woman’s Exponent 41 (March 1912): 51.
Allen Ross Macdougall, ed., Letters of Edna St. Vincent Millay (New York: Harper Brothers, Publishers, 1952), p. 291.
51 Ann Douglas, The Feminization of American Culture (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977), p. 113.
52 Women’s literary tradition is discussed in full by Ellen Moers, Literary Women (New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1976).

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