The development of intonation skills is among the many challenges facing instrumental music educators. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the research on wind instrument intonation in order to develop a consensus in regard to intonation perception and performance. The research studies reviewed are organized into three main sections: studies examining the physical factors of wind instruments that influence intonation, studies examining intonation perception and performance by players of wind instruments, and studies examining various methods to improve wind intonation. Discussion, conclusion, and implication sections are included following the review of the literature.

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