Willie James Jennings, After Whiteness: An Education in Belonging (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2020), 1–22.


See Shawn Kelley, Racializing Jesus: Race, Ideology, and the Formation of Modern Biblical Scholarship, Biblical Limits (London: Routledge, 2002); Susannah Heschel, The Aryan Jesus: Christian Theologians and the Bible in Nazi Germany (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008); Laura Nasrallah and Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, eds., Prejudice and Christian Beginnings: Investigating Race, Gender, and Ethnicity in Early Christian Studies (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2009); Emerson B. Powery and Rodney S. Sadler Jr., The Genesis of Liberation: Biblical Interpretation in the Antebellum Narratives of the Enslaved (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2016); David G. Horrell, Ethnicity and Inclusion: Religion, Race, and Whiteness in Constructions of Jewish and Christian Identities (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2020).


Kelly Oliver, The Colonization of Psychic Space: A Psychoanalytic Social Theory of Oppression (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004). Building from Kelly Oliver’s work, I suggest that we think of racial subject position as referring to identities constituted by institutionalizing processes and inextricably bound to institutions that thereby yield roles, positions, and functions that facilitate narrative cohesion for ways of life. Racial subjectivity results from negotiating those subject positions through alignment or resistance or something in between.


Jennings, After Whiteness, 77–104.


See Aileen Moreton-Robinson, The White Possessive: Property, Power, and Indigenous Sovereignty, Indigenous Americas (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2015); Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds, Drawing the Global Colour Line: White Men’s Countries and the International Challenge of Racial Equality, Critical Perspectives on Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008); Brenna Bhandar, Colonial Lives of Property: Law, Land, and Racial Regimes of Ownership, Global and Insurgent Legalities (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2018).

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview