The centenary of the First World War has seen an extensive reappraisal of the role of military chaplaincy. Most of this work has concentrated on Anglican and Roman Catholic chaplains. Nonconformist denominations, particularly the Wesleyan Church, have, in comparison, been largely neglected. This article emphasizes the depth of Wesleyan backing for the war effort in general and military chaplaincy in particular. Wesleyan chaplains served in almost all the main theatres of war, but the largest number ministered to the Army in France and Belgium. The nature and effectiveness of chaplaincy in spiritual, pastoral, and military terms are examined, arguing that these were three complementary roles of the same ministry. The commonality of the work of padres of all denominations is stressed; however, there was much about Wesleyan chaplaincy that was distinct.

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