Ever since they first appeared in the public sphere, around 1840, and until the First Republic was proclaimed in 1873, Spanish republican activists never ceased to spread in newspapers and political pamphlets the idea that a republic would entail a “supreme synthesis of the political contradictions of our century” and “the conciliation of all hatred and all rivalry, the harmony of all interests.” This article sets out to study what may be dubbed the “utopian dimension” of the collective imagination of Spanish republicanism (the aspiration to total political and social unity) and its consequences for the political culture and practice of Spanish republicans.

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