Responding to calls for replication research in the supply chain management literature, the current article reports the results of a replication study that looked at the performance of logistics outsourcing relationships among German logistics managers. More specifically, this article investigates the performance of logistics outsourcing relationships among Brazilian logistics managers and tests the same hypotheses as the focal study. The results indicate that the Brazilian replication is consistent with the focal study on five of the seven hypotheses. With respect to inconsistencies, the focal study found significant positive relationships between proactive improvement and logistics performance outcomes whereas the Brazilian replication did not find significant relationships between proactive improvement and logistics performance outcomes, which reflects the relevant effect of contextual differences between Germany and Brazil. The article offers both managerial and research implications along with suggestions for future research.