The maritime transportation industry consists of firms engaged in the liner trade, tramp services, private carriers, shoreside services providers, and an array of intermediaries. From the standpoint of freight movers these industry segments can be further disaggregated into container lines, breakbulk carriers, roll-on roll-off lines, liquid bulk carriers, and dry bulk carriers. Passenger transporting carriers, mainly cruise lines and ferry operators, round out the list of vessel operating firms. Port facilities, whether owned or operated by private firms or public agencies, also require stevedoring firms, breakbulk facilities, barge and lighterage providers, bunkerage and ships stores provisioners, and tugboat operators. Any book calling itself a handbook of this business would, by definition, need to be a most complex undertaking that would likely be presented as a multivolume offering.

One cannot engage in a thorough understanding of the maritime business without first also obtaining a grounding in the roles of the intermediaries...

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