There is a long-standing history of retrospective articles in the peer-reviewed literature when a particular journal reaches some type of publication milestone, generally an anniversary that ends in zero (e.g., 10 years) or five (e.g., 25 years). With this in mind, the purpose of this article is to present a retrospective of the research published in Transportation Journal (TJ) during its first five decades. More specifically, this article analyzes the first (1961–70), third (1981–1990), and fifth (2001–10) decades of articles published in TJ in terms of select author and article characteristics. With respect to author characteristics, for example, our analysis indicates a dramatic increase between 2001 and 2010 in terms of the number of TJ articles with at least one non-U.S. author. Based on this and other historical perspectives from the study, the article concludes with a discussion of topics likely to appear in TJ in the coming years.