This article argues that the best framework for understanding the Isaianic portrayal of wild beasts having dominion over the land is the "creation mandate" of Gen 1:28. The judgment of Yhwh is designed to make it clear that humanity has failed to exercise dominion. This judgment is overturned in the age to come when both animals and humanity are renewed. When Yhwh restores Israel, this will begin a renewal of humanity and animals so that this dominion can be successfully carried out.

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