This essay examines the changing landscape in Gilman studies and suggests future directions that scholars might take to further our understanding of this often-enigmatic fin-de-siècle author. Since 2009, the Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe Institute has acquired a sizeable collection of new material from Gilman's descendants, including letters, photographs, inscribed books, miscellaneous documents, and numerous family keepsakes. The new material adds yet another layer to recovery efforts made in recent years. Scholars might continue to evaluate Gilman's mixed legacy, including her racism, classism, ethnocentrism, and support of eugenics. Future research might also continue to situate Gilman in a less nationalistic and more global context; her work continues to be compelling, as well as controversial, to readers and scholars well beyond the United States.

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