Historically, humanism has relied on the idea that human beings enjoy a superior ontological position to other beings. This has legitimized the exploitation and killing of nonhuman animals, regarded as means to attain human ends, as instruments or resources for human use and benefit—environmental, social, economic, or recreational. With the emergence of philosophical posthumanism in its association with anti-speciesism—which ontologically places humans and other animals in an equal position as sentient beings—the dominant discourses that try to justify hunting tourism in Mexico lose their ethical standpoint, as do the speciesist and anthropocentric arguments for the commodification of nonhuman animals for recreational purposes. Exploring the interconnections among animal exploitation, philosophical posthumanism, anti-speciesism, and hunting tourism allows delving into the ethical implications of these practices, looking for alternative perspectives, and advocating a more compassionate and respectful treatment of nonhuman beings.

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