This volume comprises conference proceedings from the 2014 meeting of a twenty-year series of international biennial conferences on orality and literacy in the ancient world. Several of the scholars represented here, including the editor, have contributed to previous volumes and benefitted from a number of years of working together.

The theme of this particular volume, “voice and voices,” offers a particularly fruitful opportunity to explore the significance of ‘voice’ as it crosses the boundaries between oral and literate cultures. The voice of the bard or poet singing in oral performance, captured in writing and transformed into the narrative voice of the text in front of us, exists at the crossover between orality and literacy and offers an especially rich vein for both historical and literary analysis. Several of the papers here offer sustained reflections on the relationship between oral performance and written text, in some cases offering new readings and...

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