Pennsylvania: A Military History is the fourth book in Westholme State Military History series and is targeted at the general reader. Written by William A. Pencak, Christian B. Keller, and Barbara A. Gannon, the book delivers mixed results. Admittedly, any work written by three authors with different areas of expertise cannot be expected to deliver a uniform examination of the totality of topics; this makes no pretense to try.

The late William Pencak's accounts of the colonial to early national period of Pennsylvania's beginnings are by far the best chapters in the work. He makes clear that although William Penn intended Pennsylvania as the peaceable kingdom, the potential riches found in Penn's Woods drove men to do whatever necessary to acquire them. When Quakers lost control over Pennsylvania's governance, ethics became increasingly an afterthought. Often using the Iroquois in New York as a means to leverage Pennsylvania's native population, Pennsylvania's...

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