The Pennsylvania Historical Association sponsors a poster session at its annual meeting for undergraduate and graduate students to present their research as emerging scholars in the field of Pennsylvania and mid-Atlantic history. Posters are divided between graduate and undergraduate levels with one prize for graduate students and first and second places at the undergraduate level. At the Fall 2017 meeting held October 12–14 in Scranton, there were no graduate entries this year, and third place was not awarded at the discretion of the judges. The two winning posters are reproduced on the following pages, along with their abstracts. A list of all entries follows.

abstract: From November 1903 until January 1904, the town of Butler, Pennsylvania, experienced one of the worst typhoid epidemics in American history. While the epidemic was caused by the failure of a private water company to supply its customers with uncontaminated water, it was prolonged...

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