Schacht's 1983 book remains a valuable resource for thinking philosophically about Nietzsche. In this article, I examine the book's treatment of two fundamental interpretive issues regarding (respectively) how Nietzsche values, and what he values. I argue that Schacht misinterprets Nietzsche as a value realist, by failing to see that Nietzsche means his descriptive use of value to refer not to “so-called values,” but to genuine or full-fledged values. Moral values are just as much values as Nietzsche's own. And regarding Nietzsche's own values, I argue here for a different relation among the values of affirmation, power, and truth than the one Schacht attributes to them.

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