Previous historians have identified John Frederick Hintz as a prominent German Moravian furniture and instrument maker in mid-eighteenth-century London. This article considers how Hintz's involvement in the Moravian Church may have affected his decision to pursue making instruments. The author specifically examines Hintz's prominence as a maker of citterns (or English guitars) in light of the widespread use of this instrument in Moravian music and worship. Using archival and pictorial records the author discusses the role of the cittern in Moravian communities, and by doing so, brings to light the previously unrecognized importance of this instrument to eighteenth-century Moravian life.

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