The Moravian mission to slaves in Antigua that began in 1756 experienced a revival and a rapid expansion around 1770. By 1790 one fifth of the island's slave population was connected with the Moravians. Moravian historians associate the revival with missionary Peter Brown, but the degree to which this is justified needs to be examined. The author analyzes Brown's role in the revival and in the mission's subsequent growth. He places the revival in the context of a crisis of subsistence in the 1770s and discusses how the mission was able to meet the slaves' socio-religious needs and combine some "African" with Christian beliefs. The author concludes that slaves and missionaries together created the black Moravian Church in Antigua.

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