Luke of Prague (Lukáš Pražský) (ca. 1460–1528) was a theologian and head of the Unitas Fratrum and, as such, one of the most important figures among the Unity of Brethren. During his studies at Charles University in Prague, Luke was introduced to the theological writings of Petr Chelčický. After 1494, during an open schism that occurred within the Unitas Fratrum, Luke helped reconfigure, consolidate, and restore the theology and polity in the Synod's “Major Party.” In the last years of his life, when the Protestant Reformation was just underway, he made initial (critical) contacts with Martin Luther and Melanchthon. This study examines the historiography of Luke, his biography, leadership, and controversies. Additionally, the author discusses the role of Luke in the Protestant Reformation, his views on theology and scripture, the church, and the catechism. His theological processes provide insight about how Moravians can bring about church reform today.

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