In 1815 the Moravian women in Nazareth replaced their traditional Moravian bonnets and with more contemporary headgear. This article places these actions in the context of a changing Moravian Church during the early republic. The events of 1815 reveal how Moravians were becoming Americanized and how they developed different expectations regarding personal freedom versus church control. The Haube Revolt may be seen against the backdrop of a growing sense of American liberty and national pride, fed by the changing tide of the War of 1812.

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