This article showcases an example of how conversation analysis (CA) materials can be put to use for teaching Korean as a Foreign/Second Language. The article first reviews a set of CA research on two Korean discourse markers, kulenikka and ani, that occur at response beginnings to mark trouble with the preceding question. Then it discusses the use of the research findings to help teaching oral skills in the classroom. The suggested activities illustrate how teachers can utilize the CA materials—both the information gained from the research as well as the recordings/transcripts of naturally occurring conversation—(a) to help raise learners' awareness of the discourse markers' usage in real-life talk and (b) to develop practice materials to help learners' increased automaticity of the discourse markers and to eventually use them in speaking activities within a communicative context that resembles a real-life situation.

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