Abstract

Bone chemical composition (particularly utilizing isotopes) analysis was a relatively late bloomer, beginning in the early 2000s and only gathering pace in the last five to ten years. Trace element analysis had actually commenced in the 1980s, however, with a hiatus until its resurgence in the last decade. Currently, research into dietary habits, subsistence practices, and mobility has focused on early proto-sedentary and sedentary agricultural populations in Anatolia. This is starting to change now in conjunction with the realization of the importance of bioarchaeology as an encompassing field, providing a holistic approach to examining prehistoric populations. This article will discuss the valuable contribution of stable isotope and trace element analyses for better understanding past environmental adaptations by humans (dietary habits, subsistence practices, and mobility). It will also provide an overview of past and current bioarchaeology-focused biogeochemical research in Turkish archaeology, and how this field can be developed moving forward.

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