In her admirable new monograph, Anna-Latifa Mourad addresses the issue of Levantine relationships with Egypt, concepts of ethnicity, and the origins and development of the Hyksos. In doing so, she both provides a comprehensive examination of the data available and presents a refreshingly balanced approach to this material that includes the ways that it may (or may not) be used to answer these questions. The result is a thorough and up-to-date discussion of the vexing problems of Hyksos identity and Egyptian-Levantine relationships. It will no doubt serve as a fundamental resource for everyone working on these subjects and related issues of the Middle Bronze Age, Middle Kingdom, and Second Intermediate Period in Egypt and the Levant.

The monograph is divided into three main sections. In the first section, “Studying the Hyksos,” Mourad lays out her approach and research agenda. Section 2, “Evidence for Contact,” reviews the available evidence relevant to...

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