Activist groups and non-governmental organizations have played a key role in highlighting the threats to Egypt's modern built heritage. The administrative and regulatory chaos that followed the Egyptian revolution saw the ‘delisting’ of many heritage buildings and the destruction of modern archaeology of international importance. This paper reviews the ongoing threats and the role of community groups in protecting heritage assets. It suggests that growing public engagement with heritage may help secure better state protection for key assets, although lack of resources for investment, widespread corruption, and the scale of the decay of the built environment makes progress very difficult.

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