ABSTRACT

In the hinterlands of Heliopolis-Baalbek there are a number of rock-cut pressing installations associated with rural settlements and farmsteads. These were discovered during the survey project described here and date mostly to the Roman period. The geomorphological restrictions of the landscape in the lower foothills of the Anti-Lebanon led to a specialized economy based on fruit trees as well as wine and olive cultivation. Through comparisons with data from Kamid el-Loz and the central Bekaa Valley, we are able to discern the technological and chronological features of these installations. Additionally, some ideas on the economic organization of the region as well as changes in the settlement patterns in the Roman period are discussed.

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