This essay argues that the LGBTQ+ rhetoric in Eastern Europe is not sufficiently prepared to challenge the anti-gender ideology of the new conservative governments. Instead, it proposes that critical trans politics is a theoretical orientation that not only dismantles traditional categories of man and woman but also interrogates the ethnic and racial divisions of national states. The essay offers a brief history of the emergence of sexual categories in the nineteenth century and their link to national and colonial dynamics. It also suggests that critical trans politics can serve as an answer to the rise of nationalism in Eastern Europe.

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