The Movement of the Hieromonk Inochentie of Balta, known in historiography as Inochentism, has attracted the attention of several disciplines, including cultural anthropology. This religious movement took place between 1909 and 1917 in Bessarabia, Podolia, the Kherson regions, and other areas of the Russian Empire, and it continues to have followers to the present day in the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, and Romania. The documentary base of the research in this field is provided by references to the relevant scientific studies published, oral history data recorded in the ethnographic fieldwork, and the press. The objectives of this article are to analyze synthetically the historical context in which the movement appears, the changes of exposure, and its forms; to mention and explain the attributions of the leaders and status within the group; to study the catechesis and ritual practices; and to describe the sacred spaces. Also, the eschatological prophecies, imagology representations, apocryphal sources and sacred texts, and behavioral and aggregation gestures are analyzed.

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