Globalization has become a frequently used notion in the applied social sciences and a catchword for the media and politics. It has been applied to refer to the development of supranational and multinational institutions, to explain major shifts in the nation-state organization, to elucidate transformations in the global market, and to describe the rebirth of diverse national and minority cultures. Nevertheless, the various connotations of globalization as observable fact are certainly not exhausted by the given examples and there seems to be no consensus among elite researchers about how globalization can be precisely defined. This synthesis focuses on certain challenges of global competitiveness by showing sequences of the case of Germany. It is a federation that powerfully shapes the EU as well as the paradigm of globalization with a human face and vice versa.

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