This article questions Wheeler's claim that Perls and Goodman, in saying that the ground becomes empty when the figure is brightest during the contacting process, make no provision for the cumulative ongoingness of experience. Wheeler omits from his analysis any consideration of precisely those aspects of their writings where they in fact specify and emphasize continuity of experience, notably in their theory of Id–Ego–Personality–Self, most specifically explicated in (Perls, Hefferline, and Goodman [PHG], 1951), Part 3 of what is now Volume One, and also in Perls's writings before and after PHG. A balanced process-oriented view of both figure and ground therefore has to be the basis for future developments in the theory and practice of Gestalt therapy.

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