The specific self-definition of the Gestalt therapist is developed through the discussion of topics such as the special handling of the therapeutic situation, transference, the relation between therapy and practical action, and the importance of the current experience is contrasted with therapeutic explanation. The author pleads for a responsible discussion of the theoretical concepts of Perls, Goodman, and others and argues that one should view therapy as a direct, vivid encounter rather than "scientific handicraft." A critique of psychoanalytic technique substantiates the claim of Gestalt therapy that it is a historically grounded and necessary corrective to the understanding of how the healing elements are applied in a therapeutic situation. The work of Otto Rank is discussed as an important foundation of Gestalt therapy which has not received adequate recognition.

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