This article aims to examine Federico García Lorca’s reception in Cypriot literature within the context of his wider Hellenic and international posterity. To place the Lorca image fostered on the island in the ideological and intertextual framework of a more generic lorquismo enables us to enrich our perspective on the writer’s transnational radiation, as well as to appreciate the distinctive contribution of Cypriot literature to the formation of Lorquian mythology, powerfully imbued with the historical experience of Hellenism in Cyprus. The article focuses on the ideological importance of Lorca’s assassination and traces the writer’s reception in the Greek world at earlier stages than commonly thought. It further explores the persistence of the myth well into the decades that followed World War II and examines its symbolic value down to our day, gradually moving beyond a politicized—and toward an aestheticized—view of his poetry. Drawing on a comparativist myth-critical framework, my approach is more particularly concerned with the study of Lorca as a mythical figure, which may account for the scope of significations he has embodied as a character in a cross-cultural perspective, as well as for the reasons why he remains so flexible within varied traditions.