Under the impact of technology globalization, cosmopolitan concerns about how futuristic technology transforms socioeconomic forms become important themes in contemporary Chinese science fiction narrative. After examining the role of clone and organ transplant technology in reshaping the bioeconomic mechanism in the fictional “J country” and the reproductive framework across the world in two example stories, namely, Wang Jinkang's “The Reincarnated Giant” and “The Last Love,” I argue that biotechnology in the Chinese science fiction reshapes the politics of life and power dynamics in the society and transforms the socioeconomic institutions from one based on shared understanding and values into an apparatus controlled by interest-oriented rationality and technology. Although these speculative discussions about the dystopia transformation of human society show the world consciousness of Chinese science fiction writers regarding their narrative space and theme, and moves Chinese science fiction from the category of regional literature to an integral part of world literature by offering critique on cosmopolitan concerns, their emphasis of global setting and characterization poses the threat of homogenizing national cultures.

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