Let me begin, as so many do when talking about the late Ottoman Empire, with the Young Turks, a term that was a metaphor before it was turned into a cliché. The restoration of the 1876 Constitution by a group of military officers was almost instantly infused with a sense of historical destiny for the Ottoman Empire. It convinced many people that the future of the Ottoman lands lay wide open and could, in fact, be shaped by its restored parliament and by the new freedoms granted to the people living within its borders. Because both Zionists and Palestinians saw new possibilities unfolding before them, this period has even acquired a mystique for some as a model for coexistence. Catapulted suddenly and unexpectedly into a self-declared revolutionary era, many expected the military mutiny in Macedonia to fulfill their own ambitions. David Ben Gurion and Yitzhak Ben Zvi left Jerusalem to...

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