Countries are dynamic social formations in which there is a constant clash and interplay between the forces of change and continuity. Capturing the essence of these complex social totalities necessitates a holistic approach that overwhelmingly concentrates on the entire political, economic, and ideological spheres. However, the vast majority of studies on Iran tend to focus solely on the dialectical relationship between reformists and conservatives when the current social dynamics of the country are analyzed. The examinations based on such a binary dichotomy not only ignore the impact of economics and ideology, but also fail to discern the essence of Iranian politics divided between parallel elected and non-elected institutions. The Islamic Republic of Iran has consolidated and institutionalized its Islamic revolution by establishing organizations, such as Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and revolutionary foundations (or the so-called Bonyads) that are functioning in the economic, political, and ideological spheres. The para-governmental...

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