Olivia Stewart Lester has produced an important study on Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics through a comparative analysis of Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4 and 5. The positioning of these texts is guided by a series of clever impulses. First, Stewart Lester argues that “a shared rhetorical tendency” exists that can be “obscured by later religious and canonical boundaries.” Second, read in concert, the texts of her inquiry offer a counter-current to narratives of “declining prophecy” in Second Temple Judaism, early Christianity, and wider ancient Mediterranean contexts of the first and second centuries AD. Third, each text, far from staking claims on this or that explication of cultic difference, employs distinct registers of a shared literary function, namely, the construction of what she refers to as “true prophecy.”

Writing with enviable clarity and economy, Stewart Lester presses these concerns through three focuses—rival interpretation, gender construction, and affective, economic systems—over the...

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