The tenth volume in the series Pauline Studies centers on Paul and his use of Scripture. After an introductory essay by Stanley Porter, the collection unfolds in four parts. Part one consists of three general essays. Stanley Porter probes Paul’s use of Scripture and argues for the default working presumption that his scriptural citations are drawn from the Septuagint, even when the Septuagint matches the Hebrew text. Ryder Wishart uses vector space analysis to identify a monosemic value for νόμος, concluding that its baseline gloss should not be “law” but “custom”—a social norm that is not necessarily legislated. Gerbern Oegema observes lexical similarities between Gal 1:13–14 and 1–2 Maccabees. This suggests that Paul’s pre-Christian life was influenced by zealot theology that flowed within Maccabean thought, rather than what inspired the freedom fighters who fought against Rome.

Part two focuses on Paul’s use of Scripture in the letter to the Romans....

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